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Joan of Arc
Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt
Cleopatra, ( 69-30 B.C.) descended from Ptolomey, one of Alexander the great's generals. She was heralded as the greatest of all beauties and is arguably the most legendary femme fatale in all the annals of history in competition with the beauteous Helen of Troy.
At the age of seventeen, she became Queen of Egypt ruling jointly with her younger brother Ptolemey V by marriage, according to the ancient Egyptian custom of the Pharaohs.
After he betrayed her and stripped her of all power and authority, she withdrew to Syria, and prepared to recover her rights by force of arms.
Her opportunity came when Julius Caesar followed Pompey into Egypt. The personal fascinations of Cleopatra induced Caesar to undertake a war on her behalf, in which Ptolemey lost his life.
She regained her throne through a marriage to her younger brother whom she rid herself of with poison. She lived openly as Caesar's mistress until his assassination in Rome. Their association had been terribly unpopular, and she became aware of her unpopularity and returned to Egypt.
Subsequent to her legendary relationship with the legendary Roman General Cleopatra became ally and mistress to Mark Antony (Antonius ), his successor.
Enter Gaius Julius
Caesar Octavian ( 63 B.C.- 14 A.D.) who was the adopted son of Julius Caesar. He declared war on the star crossed lovers and defeated them at
Actium. After a secret conference, she accepted the victor's proposal that she
poison Antony, her lover, and "for Egypt" she set out to seduce this newest
Roman Commander, Octavian...
She lured Antony to a mausoleum where he committed suicide himself in the mistaken idea she had already done so. Octavian refused to yield to the charms of Cleopatra, who, according to tradition, put an end to her own life by applying an asp to her bosom. Octavian went on to realize their unfulfilled ambitions and became Caesar Augustus, the first Emperor of Rome and founder of the Imperial Roman Government.
The Annals of Tacitus (1st Century A.D.)
Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra
Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra is one of the grandest & most underrated heroines of antiquity! She come from a long line of fabulous Syrian & Abyssinian queens, including the Legendary Queen of Sheba. She adored & emulated Cleopatra & ironically met a similar fate. Assyrian records speak of mighty Arab warrior queens like Zabibi, who revolted but was finally subdued in 738 B.C. Here is Zenobia at the end of her career, betrayed by the Romans she had served faithfully all her life, her city in flames, & surrendering to the soldiers of Aurelius.
Queen Zenobia of Palmyra, (circa 278 A.D.) born Septima Bath-shabbi, consort of Odaenathus, the Dux Orientus succeeded his throne as his widow & on behalf of her son, the lawful successor. She ruled with very capable hands and was determined to surpass his excellence and make Palmyra mistress of the Roman Empire in the east.
She was a scholar in her own right and was instructed in the sciences by the celebrated Longinus. Besides her native tongue, she spoke the Latin, Greek, Coptic and Syrian languages. She patronized learned men and herself formed an epitome of Egyptian history. The Talmud speaks of her goodness to rabbis. She was a conqueror and commanded a fine army, protecting the Roman flank from the Persians and subduing Egypt. In spite of her loyalty and capable leadership Zenobia was betrayed when the new emperor Aurelius took the throne because of gender prejudice.
Life of Aurelian, by Vopiscus in Augustae Historiae Scriptores (translated into English by Bernard in 1740)
The 7 Wonders; Queen Amyitis & her Hanging Gardens
Queen Amyitis ( circa 605-562 B.C.) was the daughter of the king of the Medes. She married King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon to create an alliance between the nations. The ancient city of Babylon (Iraq) ruled the world in it's day just as the Roman Empire did in hers. It boasted as it's showpiece one of the 7 wonders of the Ancient World; The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, built espescially for her. Her homeland was lush & fertile, rugged & mountainous, & she found the flat, barren sun-baked terrain of Babylon depressing. King Nebuchadnezzar decided to recreate her homeland by building an artificial mountain with rooftop gardens.
Queen Kriemhilde's Revenge
Music by Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky ( 1840- 1893) - "Swan Lake"
Thank You for Visiting the Women of History Art Gallery of Howard David Johnson...